• Motorcycle's History

    Wooden motorized bicycle was named Reitwagen (riding car) and is the world's first motorcycle. Maybach try Reitwagen distance of 3 miles along the River Neckar, from Cannstatt to Untertürkheim, with a speed of 12 kilometers per hour ...

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  • BSA (Birmingham Small Arms)

    BSA was founded in 1863 and began motorcycle division was established in 1880. The first motorized bike was launched in 1905 with a small Minerva engine attached to it. BSA has a good reputation for a reliable bike and successfully grow with the introduction of S27 (also known as a model Sloper). It was produced for 10 years and is available in 350cc, 500cc and 595cc engines. Throughout the production of slightly modified so that the original design became popular...

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  • Excelsior

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History of motorcycles

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Just like the first car in the world, the world's first motorcycle was born in Germany. Is the Gottlieb Daimler and his partner, Wilhelm Maybach, two German four-stroke engine experts, who created the world's first motorcycle.

In 1885, Daimler pair of small-sized four-stroke engine on a wooden bicycle. Machines placed in the middle (between the front and rear wheels) and connected by chain to the rear wheels.


Wooden motorized bicycle was named Reitwagen (riding car) and is the world's first motorcycle. Maybach try Reitwagen distance of 3 miles along the River Neckar, from Cannstatt to Untertürkheim, with a speed of 12 kilometers per hour.


At that time, Reitwagen not sold to the public. Installation of engine on the wooden bike is a series of experiments carried out by Daimler and Maybach, before attaching the four-stroke engine in the carriage, which became the forerunners of the birth of the car.


1893, the first motorcycle sold to the public is made by motorcycle manufacturers Hildebrand und Wolfmüller in Munich, Germany. These motorcycles do not use chains. Rear wheels are driven directly by the crankshaft (crankshaft).


The motorcycle is owned by John C. Potter, the first sugar mill machinist Oemboel, Probolinggo, East Java, in 1893. He ordered his own bike directly into the factory in Munich. John Potter was recorded as the first person who has a motorcycle in Indonesia, which at that time still under the Dutch occupation, and called the Dutch East Indies (Nederlands Indie).


Motorbikes first entry into the United States in 1895 when a French circus performer brought him to New York. Mentioned, in the same year, a United States inventor, EJ Pennington, in Milwaukee, demonstrate self-designed motorcycle. Pennington said that he's motorcycle design can be driven with a speed of 93 kilometers per hour, and he is regarded as the first person who introduced the term motorcycle (motorcycle).


The largest producer
1895, British bicycle manufacturer, Triumph, decided to also make motorcycles. For that, buy a motorcycle Triumph und Hildebrand Wolfmüller and learn how to make it. Four years later, 1902, the company produced the first motorcycle, a Belgian-made Minerva engine. In 1905, Triumph motorcycles in full production itself, which bears the three PK-powered engine and maximum speed of 72 kilometers per hour.


1903, William S. Harley and his friend, Arthur Davidson, producing motorcycles in Milwaukee, United States, and call it a Harley Davidson motorcycle. In 1904, another U.S. company, Indian Motorcycle Manufacturing Company, located in Springfield, Massachusetts, emerged with Single Indian motorcycle.


Just as Triumph, in 1906, another British firm, BSA, which stands for Birmingham Small Arms, manufactures motorcycle engines by using Minerva, before making machines with a capacity of 350 cc, 500 cc and 595 cc of his own.


Until World War I (1914-1918), Indian Motorcycle Manufacturing Company is a motorcycle manufacturer with production of the largest in the world. After World War I, his position was taken over by the Harley-Davidson until 1928, when his position was taken over by DKW (Germany). Indian Motorcycle Manufacturing Company closed in 1953 and the Indian brand was taken over by Royal Enfield.


In 1921, BMW motorcycle engine configuration comes with a 2-cylinder horizontally opposed (boxer) who is placed in a single crankcase made of aluminum. BMW rear-wheel drive with Koppel (shaft drive).


In the 1930s there were about 80 motorcycle brands in the UK, including Norton, Triumph, AJS, and other brands that are not so famous, like New Gerrard, NUT, SOS, Chell and Whitwood.


The development of motorcycles in Europe, among others, also triggered by World War II (1939-1945), where motorcycles were made for military purposes. And, at that time, BSA makes 126,000 M20 motorcycles to the British Armed Forces.


After World War II, in 1946, the Italian designer, Piaggio, Vespa scooter introduced and immediately attract the attention of the world. In 1946 also, the Italian radio equipment manufacturer, Ducati, making the engine 50 cc, Cucciolo, which is attached to a motorcycle. Cucciolo capacity was later reproduced, starting from 60, 65, 98, to 125 cc.


In 1949, Honda manufactures motorcycles Dream or Model D, who holds a two stroke engine with a capacity of 1998 cc. However, the sound of two stroke engines are noisy and sharp-smelling smoke coming out of the exhaust makes the Honda four-stroke engine develops. Three years later, 1951, Honda produces motorcycles that bear the four-stroke engine, the Dream E, with a capacity of 146 cc.


In 1951, the BSA Group (UK) bought Triumph Motorcycles and become the largest motorcycle manufacturer in the world. The position of BSA was taken over by the NSU (Germany) in 1955. However, since the 1970s until now, Honda is noted as the largest motorcycle manufacturer in the world.


In 1952, Honda produces motorcycle known as a cub. This type of duck motorcycle so popular that his model was imitated by a Japanese motorcycle makers, such as Kawasaki, Yamaha, and Suzuki.


In 1955, Suzuki manufactures motorcycles bearing the engine capacity 125 cc, four stroke, and 1 cylinder. However, 10 years later, Suzuki also spread to two stroke engines, which is a specialty.


In 1955, Yamaha YA-1 production, which bears the motorcycle two stroke engine with a capacity of 125 cc. In 1970, 15 years later, Yamaha XS-1 is produced bearing the four-stroke engine with a capacity of 650 cc, in the configuration V.


Kawasaki emerged somewhat later. New Kawasaki produced the first motorcycle, B8, in 1961. Kawasaki motorcycle output was carrying two stroke engine with a capacity of 125 cc. In 1973 or 12 years later, producing Kawasaki Z1 Kawasaki, who holds a four-stroke engine with a capacity of 900 cc.


The figure of an attractive, reliable engine and easy to maintain, as well as competitive prices make motorcycles of Japanese origin, namely Honda, Suzuki, Yamaha, and Kawasaki, are very popular and until now dominated the world motorcycle market.


However, the names of Harley Davidson motorcycles remains a popular, particularly in the United States. Likewise, BMW, Triumph, and Ducati.


In 2006, the Dutch company EVA Products BV Holland announced the presence of commercial diesel motorcycles that first, Track T-800CDI. Bearing the motorcycle 800 cc diesel engine, 3 cylinder, made Daimler. However, companies other motorcycle makers, including Royal Enfield, also produces diesel-powered motorcycle, at least since 1965.

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